Important Cultural PropertyHouse with smaller houses attached, Haniwa (unglazed earthen object)

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  • Excavated from the Saitobaru Tumuli, Saito-city, Miyazaki Prefecture
  • 1 piece
  • H54.5
  • Kofun period/5th century
  • Tokyo National Museum
  • J-34661

 This is a house-type haniwa (clay figure) with a rare structure, where four small open annexes with only pillars are attached to the main house with a hip-and-gable roof (irimoya zukuri), all of which share a common base. There are two open one-storey annexes with a hip-and-gable roof on the two flat roof sides of the main house and two open one-storey annexes with a gable roof on the two gabled sides of the main house. There is a semicircular hollow entrance on each of the flat roof sides. There is an apparent functional difference between the structure of the main house and that of annexes. Since the annexes are only models, they differ greatly from the main house in scale. This haniwa features unique molding representation, where the landscape with houses, which is generally depicted using a variety of house-shaped haniwa, is represented in a unified manner.