Important Cultural PropertyKosode (kimono with small wrist openings), flower-and-bird pattern on white silk-warp fabric in tsuji-ga-hana-zome (combination of tie-dyeing and hand-painting)

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  • 1 suit
  • L128.8 yuki60.9
  • Muromachi period/16th century
  • Tokyo National Museum
  • I-3455

 Nerinuki is a plain fabric woven with raw silk thread as the warp and processed silk thread as the woof, which was produced in Japan and used mainly in the medieval period. It features a luster and tension unique to silk. A sandy beach pattern is created in red on the shoulders and bottom of the kosode kimono (kimono with small wrist openings) via a tie-dye technique. On the parts dyed in red, flowers, such as paulownias, wild orange flowers and cherry blossoms, are painted in gold and silver. On the other hand, flowers, such as irises, chrysanthemums and snow-capped willows and birds, such as mandarin ducks and quails, are represented in colors at the red end of the spectrum on the blank parts between the sandy beach designs. The design, where patterns are represented within demarcated areas, such as in sandy beach or layered shapes, is characteristic of the Muromachi and Azuchimomoyama periods. On the lining, there is an inscription written in sumi ink (“修正延年之為上衣奉寄進所也/若ソンシツ仕者過銭三百疋可被出者也/永禄九年 丙寅正月吉日/施主院主/阿例〔名カ〕院上人/神証〔花押〕”), which says that this costume was created in 1566 for "Ennen," a dance to be dedicated to a shrine. The inscription also states that if the costume should be lost or damaged, the price of the costume should be paid as compensation. Due to the inscription that states the year of creation and the price of kimono at that time, this kimono has been valued as a standard piece in the history of dyeing and weaving.